10 days- Gandhara Civilization Art – Swat , Mardan and Dir Pakistan Tour. Gandhara Civilization Pakistan Tour
Overview of Trip: Gandhara Civilization Pakistan Tour
The journey revolves around the theme of the exploration of the antiquity of Ghandhara Civilization. It derives its nomenclature from the ancient Mahajanapada Kingdom. The empire was stretched from modern day North Western Pakistan to Eastern Afghanistan. Gandhara Civilization Pakistan Tour
The civilization attained its glory from 1 to 5th BC under the command of Khushan Kings. It was ended with the invasion of Mehmood Ghazni in 1048CE. It is also termed as Buddhist civilization.
Its centres include the modern day Peshawar Taxilla, Takht bahi and Swat Valley. From there Buddhism spreaded to Central Asia , India , China and Japan.During its peak times , it was the pivot of Learning, trading, art and architecture in the world. The out growth of Buddhism was mostly relied on the construction of Monasteries and Stupas. Moreover , the Sculptures of Buddha were also mean to attract people.The well planned cites in the form of Mound were established having stupas at the centre. Gandhara Civilization Pakistan Tour
existing historical ruins in the mentioned regions includes City of Sirkap, Bhir Mound, Khanpur caves in Taxilla, Shingardar Stipa, Nemogram Stupa and Monastery in Swat and Andan Dheraj in Takht Bhai. Furthermore, the soothing and complacent natural beauty of the Valles adds fuel to the fire.Thus, the adventure not only necessities archaeological sense but also provides refuge in glamorous nature. r
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The trip is designed to provide awareness about one the ancient known civilizations of the world termed as Ghandhara civilization.
Provides knowledge about the beginning, flourishing and declining of distinctive Buddhist civilization from the relics present mainly in Peshawar, Swat and Taxilla.
Eye witnessing of the Monasteries, the centres of learning, like Nemogram Monastery in Swat, Chakdara Monastery in Takht bhai and many more.
A complacent study of archaeology , art and architecture of Ghandhara civilization thrived in north western region in Pakistan.
Museum visits in Swat, Peshawar, Taxilla bring wakefulness about ancient civilization, the present culture , music and art of mentioned regions.
Experiencing the pacifying natural world in hills of Swat and Malam Jabba.
Tasting most delicious cuisines of Peshawar which are known for their taste.
Enjoying multi coloured and pristine music of pashtuns , which provides food for soul.
Itinerary: Gandhara Civilization Pakistan Tour
Description of Main Areas Under Consideration: Gandhara Civilization Pakistan Tour
The modern well planned lush green city is considered to be the second most beautiful capital after London by International ranking. It serves many worth visiting sites like Faisal Mosque, Margella Hills, Lake View park , Shadra and many more.
One of the oldest cities in the world ,the city holds its charms both in its cuisines and its historical significance. Modern day city is the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Buddhist rulers made Peshawar the center of Buddhism. Its old name is described as Purushapura which means City of Men. During the zenith of Kushan Empire , King Kanishka made it Capital. Kanishka Stupa was built which was the tallest building in the antic world. Moreover, the Khyber Pass in Peshawar served as crossing point to the invaders like Huns, Ghazni, Alexander and Mughal emperor Baber.Therefore, the city hosts variety of olf relics and remains of ancient glories. Only Peshawar Museum holds almost 14000 utilities belong to Ghandhara civilization. Its Qissa khawani Bazar has sustained its glory since the known establishments here.
The modern day Swat valley is famous for its enchanted natural beauty derive from snow top mountains, Green carpeted hills and fresh fountains. It has also established its value in historical domain. It remained centre of Ghandhara Civilization after Peshawar. Therefore, it holds But Kara archaeological site which has 215 Stupas of Buddhism. Arab Khan Cheena, which has 6 stupas along with rock carvings dated back to 7th century. It is 975.3 meters high and carries the mesmerizing Falak Sheer Mountain. It has also got its fame from Ideal wood carvings, embrioded shawlls and delicious cuisines.
It is in Punjab province ,30 km from Islamabad.It also served as cradle of Buddhism. Its ancient name was Takhshasila which means City of Cut Stones.It possesses Dharmarajika Stupa which is termed as largest Buddhist settlement which dates back to time of Ashoka.It is also believed that the remains of Buddha are burrued here. Likewise, the City of Bhir Mound is also present here, first evacuation carried out in 1970s and eastern part of about 1200×730 yards was dug out. Later evacuations were performed in 1998 to 2000 which brought out the western portion of the planned city.
It is home to the oldest Chakdara monastery of Buddhism construction started in 1CE and further expanded in 3rd and 4th CE. It has inscriptions by Ghodopharas. It is termed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.It is the focal point of Buddhist architecture. The Buddhist archaeological complex is known to be Andan Dheraj which has Chatpat Monastery whose construction is believed to be started in between 1 to 4 AD.
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